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SYSTEM RESPONSE

In most cases the result of numerical analysis is graphical or tabular. In both cases details such as time constants and damped frequencies can be obtained by the same methods used for experimental analysis. In addition to these methods there is a technique that can determine the steady-state response of the system.

#### 4.4.1 Steady-State Response

The state equations can be used to determine the steady-state response of a system by setting the derivatives to zero, and then solving the equations. Consider the example in Figure 4.29 Example: Finding the steady-state response. The solution begins with a state variable matrix. (Note: this can also be done without the matrix also.) The derivatives on the left hand side are set to zero, and the equations are rearranged and solved with Cramer’s rule.

Figure 4.29 Example: Finding the steady-state response