1.12 L


label - a name associated with some point in a program to be used by branch instructions.


ladder diagram - a form of circuit diagram normally used for electrical control systems.


ladder logic - a programming language for PLCs that has been developed to look like relay diagrams from the preceding technology of relay based controls.


laminar flow - all of the particles of a fluid or gas are travelling in parallel. The complement to this is turbulent flow.


laptop - a small computer that can be used on your lap. It contains a monitor ad keyboard.


LAN (Local Area Network) - a network that is typically less than 1km in distance. Transmission rates tend to be high, and costs tend to be low.


latch - an element that can have a certain input or output lock in. In PLCs these can hold an output on after an initial pulse, such as a stop button.


LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) - a fluid between two sheets of light can be polarized to block light. These are commonly used in low power displays, but they require backlighting.


leakage current - a small amount of current that will be present when a device is off.


LED (Light Emitting Diode) - a semiconductor light that is based on a diode.


LIFO (Last In First Out) - similar to FIFO, but the last item pushed onto the stack is the first pulled off.


limit switch - a mechanical switch actuated by motion in a process.


line printer - an old printer style that prints single lines of text. Most people will be familiar with dot matrix style of line printers.


linear - describes a mathematical characteristic of a system where the differential equations are simple linear equations with coefficients.


little-endian - transmission or storage of data when the least significant byte/bit comes first.


load - In electrical system a load is an output that draws current and consumes power. In mechanical systems it is a mass, or a device that consumes power, such as a turbine.


load cell - a device for measuring large forces.


logic - 1. the ability to make decisions based on given values. 2. digital circuitry.


loop - part of a program that is executed repeatedly, or a cable that connects back to itself.


low - a logic negative, or zero.


LRC (Longitudinal Redundancy Check) -


LRC (Linear Redundancy Check) - a block check character


LSB (Least Significant Bit) -


LSD (Least Significant Digit) -


LSI (Large Scale Integration) - an integrated circuit that contains thousands of elements.


LVDT (Linear Variable Differential Transformer) - a device that can detect linear displacement of a central sliding core in the transformer.