1. ISO 14000

 

• A set of standards that address environmental issues. This initiative began in 1993 when the ISO formed TC207 (technical committee).

 

• This set of standards is designed to be administered like the ISO9000 quality standards. Basically, documenting the process, and ensuring that the documented process is followed. - “say what you do, do what you say”.

 

• ISO 9000 and 14000 are compatible and can be integrated.

 

• The standards include,

- environmental management

- environmental auditing

- environmental labeling

- environmental performance evaluation

- life cycle assessment

- environmental standards

 

• The standard includes the following sections,

14000 - the main guide to the 14000 standards

14001 - the most stringent environmental certification

14010-14019 - guidelines for auditing

14010 - the general principles of environmental auditing

14011-1 - auditing of environmental management systems

14011-2 - audits to check for compliance

14012 - qualification of auditors

14014 - a guide to performing an initial environmental review

14020-14024 - environmental labelling

14020 - basic principles for environmental labelling

14021 - terms and definitions for labelling

14022 - symbols used in labelling

14023 - testing and verification methods for labelling

14024 - methods used by labelling teams

14031 - methods for evaluating environmental performance

14041-14044 - life cycle assessment

14041 - code of practice

14042 - inventory

14043 - impact analysis

14044 - improvement analysis

14050 - terms and definitions

14060 - inclusion of environmental aspects in product standards

 

• As with ISO9000 the basic process is,

1. Make a decision to obtain certification.

2. Plan the preparation process (possibly hire a consultant).

3. Assess current practices.

4. Make required changes.

5. Document the corrected system.

6. Request a certification visit.

7. The certification team visits to ensure compliance.

8. Certification may be granted.

9. Internal audits and updates done as called for in ISO14000 documents.

10. Occasional visits to ensure compliance to renew certification.

 

 

1.1 PRACTICE PROBLEMS

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