• After the CE diagram is constructed we can start to trace the cause of problems.


• Assume

1. We have collected data from defects on the factory floor.

2. We have identified the causes of each of the defects (could also use problems, type of problems, etc)

3. We can rank the list)

4. Draw the graph (** This is a Pareto diagram)


5. Tackle the problem on the left first. Paper jams are the most significant problem that comes up.