• A basic list of terms commonly used are,
Brittleness - the tendency of a material to break before it undergoes plastic deformation
Ductility - the ability of certain materials to be plastically deformed without fracture (pulling).
Elasticity - The ability to deform and return to the undeformed shape. This follows Hooke’s law.
Hardness - the resistance to deformation and forced penetration
Malleability - the ability of a material to take a new shape when hammered or rolled.
Tensile Strength - the maximum tensile load that can be applied before a material fractures
Toughness - The ability to withstand cracking, as opposed to brittleness
Yield Strength - The load at which the material stops elastically deforming, and starts permanently deforming.