1.1.1 Learning Theories
• Kolb’s Learning Styles Inventory (LSI) includes four areas, [Ellsworth, pg. 386]
Concrete Experience (CE) - experience based, peer oriented, emphasizes feedback.
Abstract Conceptualization (AC) - analytical, oriented towards things and symbols, authority directed impersonal learning situations.
Abstract Experimentation (AE) - Active orientation, focussed on “doing”, project oriented.
Reflective Observation (RO) - Reflective, Observational approach, prefer lecture situations.
• Four levels of learning are suggested [Ellsworth, pg. 388],
Level 1 - “Why are we doing this?”
Level 2 - Learning the technology
Level 3 - Mastering the tools
Level 4 - Application of knowledge to problem solving
• Bloom developed a set of six learning objectives. In order these are,
1. Knowledge - list, name, state, define, identify, match, recall
2. Comprehension - discuss, paraphrase, compute, extrapolate, describe, explain, distinguish
3. Application - choose, classify, use, interpret, calculate, relate, demonstrate
4. Analysis - separate, recognize, test, differentiate, solve
5. Synthesis - design, order, develop, create, summarise, combine, propose
6. Evaluation - evaluate, justify, critique, appraise