1.2 PROPERTIES

 

• If one set of parameters is known, other parameters can be found using simple conversions. This can help when one set of parameters is needed, but cannot be measured directly.

 

• Simple cases of networks are reciprocal and symetrical. When a network is neither of these, then it typically has active components, dependant sources, etc.

 

1.2.1 Reciprocal Networks

 

• If a voltage is applied at one port, the short circuit current out the other port will be the same, regardless of which side the voltage is applied to.

 

• Reciprocal networks are only possible when passive elements are used.

 

• The parameters that indicate a reciprocal networks are,

 

 

• With any reciprocal network we only need to find 3 of the four parameters, the last can be determined mathematically.

 

 

1.2.2 Symmetrical Networks

 

• This is a special case of the reciprocal network where the input and output parameters are identical.

 

• In addition to the reciprocal constraints, we must also consider,

 

 

• Only two of these parameters need to be found to find the other two parameters.

 

 

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