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11.2 Trademarks


Small symbols, names or designs (marks) that are used to distinguish one product from others. A registered trademark uses the symbol `T.M.' or an `R' in a circle. This prohibits the unauthorized use anyplace else in Canada.


Trademarks must,

- not be a name (except for deceased more than 30 years)

- not easily confused with other words commonly used for that product

- similar to already registered trademarks


The trademark owner may permit others to use the trademark and these may also be officially registered.


a trademark registration is valid for 15 years, but can be renewed indefinitely.


infringement on a trademark can be dealt with by restraining orders, civil suits, or in criminal courts.


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