• After identifying part families, a standard set of production steps can be identified.


• After identifying standard production steps, the factory floor can be reorganized to reflect a more rational layout of machines.


• Various ways to lay out machines for part families are,


- Single Machine Cell

- Group machine layout

- flow line design


• Single Machine Cells are suited to products which may be produced on a single machine, using a single process. This can also involve bringing two machines together. Such as a grinder, on a lathe.


• Group Machine Layout is suited to a small set of operations on a part which cannot be performed on a single machine.


• Flow Line Design - when parts in a family have a number of processes with the same sequence, this system may be set up with a transfer line.